PC Protocol of Suunto Cobra, Vyper, Stinger, Mosquito, Vytec and Gekko

This document describes the transfer protocol and memory layout of these suunto diving computers:

Communication

The protocol uses 2400 8O1, which means 2400 baud with 8 bits, odd parity and 1 stop-bit. The check for the interfaces uses 2400 8N1, but it also works with 2400 8O1. This was the trivial part… But some lines have a special meaning with the interface!

The DTR line should always be set. It is used as a power supply for the interface.

RTS is a toggle for the direction of the half-duplex interface. To send a command to the interface, set RTS. When you await a command, clear RTS. Timing also seems to be critical! To make sure that all data is sent to the interface, before clearing RTS, I wait about 200ms. After clearing RTS, I also have to wait 400ms and use a 500ms timeout for receiving data.

The test for the existance of the interface is simple: the computer sends AT plus a CR ($41, $54, $0D) and awaits the same answer.

Transfer

The protocol for the [[Suunto Spyder]], Vyper and Cobra are identical, but the memory layout of the Spyder is different. All data is send in packages to and from the computer. Every package is followed by a CRC for checksum reasons.

unsigned char checksum = 0x00;
for(int i=0; i<packageLen; ++i)
 checksum ^= package[i];

The DiveManager Software from Suunto does the following when reading data from a Cobra: - Check for correct computer - Read Memory ($24, 1) - Read the internal memory: - Read Memory ($1E, 14) - Read Memory ($2C, 32) - Read Memory ($53, 30) - Get first dive profile - Get next dive profile - … - If “next dive profile” returns a null package (count = 0), the end of the log memory is reached.

Memory layout

Default name of the LOG file: “PROFILE.VPR”

  offset |     format   |  testvalue  | content

———— | ———— | ———– | ————– | $00-$1D | MSB binary | … | unused by the PC software, probably configuration values for the computer | | $1E-$1F | MSB binary | $6038 | max. depth in ft * 128.0 | | $20-$21 | MSB binary | … | total dive time in minutes | | $22-$23 | MSB binary | … | total number of dives | | $24 | MSB binary | $0C | Type of the computer ($03:Stinger, $04:Mosquito, $0A:new Vyper, $0C:Vyper or Cobra, $0B:Vytec, $0D:Gekko) | | $25 | MSB binary | … | firmware version (30: Cobra, 33: Cobra, 21: Stinger, 15: Mosquito), the minor part is always .0.0 | | $26-$29 | MSB binary | $00005A38 | serial number e.g. a Vyper: $00.01.04.41 (= 00010465) | | $2A-$2B | MSB binary | $0000 | unknown | | $2C-$49 | ASCII | Vyper Diver | personal information (“Vyper Diver”, “Cobra Diver”, “ACW Diver”, “Mosquito Diver” fill with zero bytes, if changed by the user filled to the maximum length with spaces) | | $4A-$50 | MSB binary | $00..$00 | unknown (only the first 2 bytes are read by DM software) | | $51-$52 | MSB binary | … | Ptr to the last $82 byte in the profile ringbuffer (not read by DM software) | | $53 | MSB binary | $14 | interval (10s, 20s, 30s or 60s) | | $54 | MSB binary | … | altitude and personal settings (height (0..2) + 3 * personal (0..2)) | | $55-$5B | MSB binary | … | unknown ($0E.05.1F.FF.1F.FF.01 : identical on all Suunto computers?) | | $5C-$5D | MSB binary | $0000 | max. freediving depth (only on Mosquito and Stinger) in ft * 128.0 | | $5E-$5F | MSB binary | $0000 | total freediving time in minutes (only on Mosquito and Stinger) | | $60 | MSB binary | $01 | 1224 hour flag, 00 = 24 hours, 01 = 12 hours plus AM/PM | | $61 | MSB binary | $00 | unknown | | $62 | MSB binary | $01 | 0 = imperial, 1 = metric | | $63 | MSB binary | $01 | Model (0: Air, 1:Nitrox/EAN, 2:Gauge; Mosquito, Stinger: Bit 3 set: Diving active, Bit 7 set: Free Diving active) | | $64 | MSB binary | $8A | Light (Bit 7: on; Bit 0..6: time in s) | | $65 | MSB binary | $03 | Bit 0: dive time alarm = on, Bit 1: dive depth alarm = on | | $66-$67 | MSB binary | $0037 | dive time for the alarm in minutes (max. 999 minutes, normal max. 4:59) | | $68-$69 | MSB binary | $3138 | depth for the alarm in ft * 128.0 (rounded to 0.5m or 1ft; valid: 0m, 3m-150m (Cobra, Vyper: 100m)) | | $6A-$70 | MSB binary | … | unknown ($46.00.00.00.00.00.00) | | $71-$1FFF | MSB binary | … | ring buffer for the profile memory |

The ring-buffer is a stream of data, which ends at the position, that is marked in the header. At this position the computer starts writing the information from the next dive. If the write pointer reaches the value $2000, it jumps back to $71.

Format for one dive

offset format description
0 MSB binary 00, with Nitrox: OLF % * 2 ($32 * 2 = 100 CNS), if bit 7 is set: OTU instead of CNS
1 MSB binary pressure at the end of the dive in bar / 2
2 MSB binary temperature at the end of the dive in degress celcius
3 MSB binary temperature at the max depth in degress celcius
4… binary profile data from the end to the beginning of the dive,this means reverse order!
n MSB binary minutes at the beginning of the dive
n + 1 MSB binary hours at the beginning of the dive
n + 2 MSB binary day at the beginning of the dive
n + 3 MSB binary month at the beginning of the dive
n + 4 MSB binary year at the beginning of the dive (90..99 = 1990..1999, 00..89 = 2000..2089)
n + 5 MSB binary temperature of the air in degress celcius
n + 6 MSB binary ? unused? (PO2??? 0=1.2, 1=1.3, 2=1.4, 3=1.5, 4=1.6???)
n + 7 MSB binary Oxygen in % (= Nitrox mode, air mode: 0); Bit 6 & 7 are ignored.
n + 8 MSB binary pressure at the beginning of the dive in bar / 2
n + 9 MSB binary altitude and personal settings (height (0..2) + 3 * personal (0..2)). Bit 6:Gauge active (on Stinger and Mosquito)
n + 10 MSB binary interval (10s, 20s, 30s or 60s)
n + 11 MSB binary dive number in the Vyper/Cobra (for repetitive dives)
n + 12 MSB binary hours of the surface interval
n + 13 MSB binary minutes of the surface interval

Profile information

The profile data is a stream of bytes. Every minute (or 30s or 20s - see the profile interval) a byte is recorded. This byte is the delta depth in ft to the last depth! E.g. you start your dive at a depth of 0 feet go down to 30ft in a minute, so the value is -30ft (because you go 30ft down) or $E2 in binary, if you then go up to 20ft, the next value will be +10ft (because you go 10ft up) or $0A in binary.

Some values have special meanings:

Byte Type Description
$79 unused
$7a Slow The diver ascended above dive depth limit. This symbol marks every interval in which the SLOW indicator appeared
$7b Attn/Violation Dive Attention Mark as described in the dive computer user manual
$7c Bookmark/Heading The diver pressed the PLAN button during this interval
$7d Surfaced The diver ascended above the minimum diving depth (1.2m) during this interval
$7e Deco A decompression ceiling first appeared during this interval. The dive computer’s ASC indicator appeared
$7f Ceiling The diver ascended above the decompression ceiling during this interval
$80 End end of the dive. The next byte is n + 1 in the format description of the dive
$81 Safety Stop The diver ascended above a mandatory safety stop ceiling during this interval
$82 End of data set after the last dive (written after the dive as a marker, so technically not profile information)
$83 Increased workload (not generated by the computers)
$84 unused
$85 Cold water (not generated by the computers)
$86 unused
$87 Gas change Vytec only: switched to a different gas. The following byte contains the percent of oxygen in that gas

Necessary conversions

meter = (int)(feet * 0.3048 * 10) / 10
psi = bar * 14.50377377
fahrenheit = celcius * 1.8 + 32

Altitude:

value meters feet
0 700m 2300ft
1 1500m 5000ft
2 2400m 8000ft

ATTN: the computers don’t round after the 2. digit, when calculating feet => meter! They cut it after the 2. digit. This results to the modified formula.

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